Global temperature rises in the ocean cause coral reefs to expel their symbiotic algae, which give them nourishment. Afterwards they bleach, starve and die
50% of global coral reefs have expired
Conservationists from Mote and other institutions are planting out lab-grown and naturally genetically resistant/robust corals between remnants of remaining reefs. These grow, expand and will reproduce in order to carry their resilience genes to the next generation
A microfragmentation technique allows even slow growing corals to reach maturity in a few months and has shown a transplantation survival rate of 80%
Other strategies include protection of already resilient coral reefs, coral breeding, sustainable fishing as well as educating the tourism industry and local communities about coral conservation
Why Is This Important?
Coral reef restoration is important since these natural resources provide food, tourism income and protection from ocean storms for million of coastal living people